In my dissertation I focus on three important aspects on the role of policy and education reforms that led to the reduction in child labor rates through out the years and improved the labor force participation of women, for Latin America, taking the country Mexico in particular. First, I focus on evaluating the impact of a policy that targeted at increasing school enrollment and decreasing child labor rates both directly and indirectly. Second, I evaluate the importance of schooling coverage not only to decrease child labor, but also to increase the labor force participation of women with young children. Third, I examine the impacts in the context of the economics crises of the COVID-19 pandemic and the extent to which school closures affected the labor force participation of women with young children. Despite the improvements done in Mexico in school enrollment and child labor rates, 11% (3.2 million) of children aged 5 to 17 years old still engage in child labor. 6.4% of those children were involved in market work that is under the minimumage regulation, 4% performed domestic work in unsuitable conditions, and 0.7% combined both market and domestic work (INEE, 2018a). And despite the increase in the labor force participation of women in Mexico over the past 15 years, in 2019 45% of women compared to 78.5% of men are in the labor force (The World Bank, 2022b). Therefore, in spite of the improvements and the policy measures implemented a lot of work is still to be done to achieve the SDG goals.
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